All Architecture student would recall their life during those intense three to four years of study. Some would say it the best period of their life, while others would call it a nightmare to forget. For me, it was a great journey throughout. Those sleepless night couple with caffeine induced design session is something I wish I wouldn’t repeat in the future but it was nevertheless, epic. Hanging out with my studio mate or going out on a date with your girlfriend around the University compound is something that I always try to capture with my camera.
The Leica IIF came around the time where I was using the Olympus OM1 with 35mm lens for the last few years. After using the Leica for a while, I grew fond with it. The Leica is much more compact compare to the Olympus, which makes carrying it to class much easier, and the shutter noise is much more acceptable to most people (not exactly quiet either).
This series is a compilation of selected picture taken during my final year of my Degree in Architecture study at Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang. If anyone is curious what film it is, I use Ilford Pan 400 at box speed.
I stay at different dormitory block throughout my study and the last one being at Desasiswa Tekun. Its one of the newest and tallest dormitory block in the University. To be honest, my roommate would not be pleased when he saw this pictures (Sorry Qi Kai).
‘Casual Sports’ is something like a privilege that you can only get when studying. Once we begin with our career life, exercising for fun is as rare as winning a lottery. During the entire year of my studying life, I spent my free time running, cycling, swimming, and lifting weight at the gym. It is a great way to spend your free time, especially when doing it together with your girlfriend.
Studio life is just hectic. I see it as a temporary working space but for others, its the closest thing to home. People spend time fooling around the studio is what define our career choice. There is certainly more laugh than there is tears and I miss the noise (sometime) when everyone is in the studio.
At the time when this post was published, its been a year since I graduated from the University. To be honest, there is a lot more pictures taken during the entire period but the one selected is somehow safer for general viewing.
Laugh, cry, and scream as you may but thank you for being part of my life.
If the Leica M series is consider as the Porsche among the plethora of cameras, then the Leica screw mount series following the philosophy of the Ur-Leica, is comparable to the Volkwagen Beetle. Utilitarian aesthetic combine with Germans precision. There is no doubt made the camera one of the few surviving camera model from the early 1940’s, simply because of the mechanical engineering put into it.
Following my previous post, I will continue sharing my experience in using the camera in general. This whole post was never in my intention but seeing the lack of detailed user experience in using this camera on the internet prompt me to start a draft that list out my experience since I got the camera back in September 2017. Comment and question are always welcome, just drop me a line on the comment section.
For starters, I am not exactly a beginner in ‘film’ photography per se. In fact, I had been developing my own black and white negatives in my toilet for the past 5 years. Therefore, using a film camera never really much of a trouble for me as I use my Yashica 124G regularly for my ongoing project and an Olympus OM-1 on daily basis. But, all those years of using those film camera has never prepared me for this basic steel block of a light tight box. The Leica IIF.
Basic specificationof the camera is that it is a rangefinder camera that use 135mm film format with a fixed viewfinder for 50mm lens without any parallax error correction. Despite having a rangefinder, using it is very different compared to a more familiar styled rangefinder where the rangefinder is separated from the viewfinder as seen on the following image. The whole experience in using the camera is cumbersome (compared to, say, an Olympus OM-1), enough said.
A list of summary on what to expect for a first time user like me was as following;
You need to extend and lock a collapsible lens properly. (I am using a Leica Elmar 5cm f/2.8 for this camera)
Shutter speed can only be changed when the shutter is fully cocked.
Film need to be trimmed before loading, and loading the film from underneath the camera is way more complicated than I expected.
Manually wind the film instead of using a winding lever.
Parallax error couple with a small sized viewfinder.
Ensure that the lens cap is removed when taking picture.
Focusing is done through a separate viewfinder that have 1.7x magnification for easier focusing.
No built-in exposure metering.
1.LEICA Elmar 5cm f/2.8
The lens that I had is a gem. People always spoke about the ‘Cron’ and the ‘Lux’ lenses from Leica but this classic collapsible lens is rarely mentioned before, but oddly enough the 50mm f/3.5 did. For a 50mm f/2.8 lens, it render the scene perfectly and the bokeh has the classic distinction of a lens designed in the late 1950s, odd glow at the edge with overall crisp texture throughout. They say its a single coated lens but I haven’t got any problem when using color negatives but most likely it depends on the quality of the scanning and film processing.
As mentioned earlier, to use it, you need to extend the whole thing. Another thing worth to mention is to pull and ‘twist’ it to lock the lens. If you haven’t lock it, chances are all your picture taken will be blurred. There is a trick for it where you need to twist and snap it into places as you extend the lens fully. Take note guys.
2. Adjust shutter after the film has been re-cocked
Unlike most modern SLR camera, the shutter setting can be adjusted independently without having the shutter re-cocked. It seems on the Leica IIF, the shutter setting is inter related with the shutter mechanism, therefore, any changes need to be done after you have re’cock’ the shutter.
3. Awkward film loading mechanism
Loading the film to any Leica camera is beyond any conventional method. The only awkward thing about Leica camera design is the bottom base film loading method. Design wise, it’s the best light tight design to prevent light leaking inside the film chamber. But still, while folding camera back design became popular in the early 1970, even the most advance Leica rangefinder at that time use bottom base film loading.
However, the old Leica screw-mount camera had a film loading process that is way more difficult to engage properly. In order to load the film into the film spool, you need to trim your film leader into a thinner width. This is done in order to allow the film to wind around the spool nicely without having to worried about the film jammed inside. Personally, I dont like this. Trimming the film leader means that you have to trim all of your film to be used for the Leica IIF and secondly, not all camera can use the film that you already trimmed.
This is a sequence on how to load the film into the camera;
Trim the film leader in a long thin width as shown on the picture. I use scissor.
Open the camera bottom plate.
Pull out the film spool.
Attach the trimmed film leader into the film spool. Push it in nicely and deep so it stay properly when winding.
Put the loaded film spool into the camera.
Close the camera bottom plate.
Wind the film and wind it until the tension is tight.
Snap two blank shot.
Reset the film counter on top.
Wipe your anxious tear with a grin.
I load film into the camera many time before but it is still something that I totally not enjoy doing especially when you are out shooting in a crowded places. Compared to my Olympus Mju I, loading film into the camera is not as fun as it should be. But this is a camera built in 1952, so go figure.
4. Manually wind the film instead of using a winding lever
After loading film into the camera, another thing that you will realized is that there is no such thing as film winding lever, only a film winding knob. This means that you need to turn the tab every time you want to re-cock the shutter. This is way slower than what I am used to though.
5. Parallax error
Another thing that you notice when using the camera is how small (but bright and clear) viewfinder that the camera has. The view is for 50mm lens and therefore should work wonders even for Henri Cartier Bresson. But unfortunately, I wore glasses. And the distance between my eyes and the glasses made me unable to view the overall viewfinder properly. There are many time where I didn’t compose my picture correctly and there are many other case of parallax error. Rangefinder camera from that time has maximum focusing distance of 1m for reason.
For those who are using glasses, do be wary that the viewfinder piece might rub against your glasses and switching between those two pieces of viewfinder might be troublesome sometimes.
6. Ensure that the lens cap is removed when taking picture
After decades of using SLR, I am used to the fact that what I see on the viewfinder is exactly what my camera will see.
Unfortunately, it took me a couple of roll to realize that I always forgot to remove the lens cap when taking picture. So get used to the fact that Rangefinder viewfinder is not an indication of what will expose on your film.
7. Focusing is done through a separate viewfinder
Modern Rangefinder have their focusing patch inside the viewfinder. However the Leica IIF (or other Leica Thread mount rangefinder) use a separate viewfinder for focusing. After focus is achieved, you will need to recompose it through another separate viewfinder.
Slow, but effective.
8. No built-in exposure metering
Sunny 16 rules apply when you are using this camera.
The camera have no exposure metering system what so ever, as a camera technology from the 1940s, this is to be expected. But this doesn’t ruin the experience in using the camera though.
Conclusion : Its a fun camera, no doubt.
After a year of using it, more than 50 rolls of film, I can conclude that Leica thread mount camera is still relevant to be use on daily basis, or better yet, as a tool to create an exciting photography project. The lightweight body and pair with an external viewfinder can make for a fun street photography camera, of course, if its pair with a 35mm or 28mm lens.
The camera is definitely slow for some people but I doubt Henri Cartier Bresson complain about that before. With the price, it is consider ‘affordable’ nowadays for a Leica, and there is a lot of choice in lenses and some at a rather bargain price.
There would be a part 3 of this post showing the image taken with the camera.
This year Obscura Photo festival was something to remember. I didn’t join through the entire week but it was a short break that I needed after an intense week in the office.
Obscura Photo Festival 2018 program schedule went out late and most their full list of activities was out few days before their opening ceremony. Nevertheless, it was something that I knew I shouldn’t missed out on and bit of excitement came inside of me when they updated their facebook page stating ‘PORTFOLIO REVIEW AT BLACK KETTLE THIS SATURDAY’. Among the name on the list was Hajime Kimura, Maggie Steber, and Ian Teh.
It was exciting as I just finished my 5 years project on documenting Labuan shorelines and I needed some feedback on the project as a whole. Of course, this could be counter-productive as I could risk getting unnecessary influence or direction into the project. But I am quiet matured in my artistic insight compared to years ago and the review might just give me an extra perspective on what I need to do for my next upcoming project. I went back from my office that night and started arranging a series of my scanned negatives for printing tomorrow morning. I hit the bed early so I wouldn’t overslept for the registration tomorrow at 10am.
As expected, I had trouble waking up on time and it was hectic as I rushed to the printing shop near my office. The shop was open and the printing went on smoothly until the time when the owner ask me whether I want the picture to be cut to sized. But seeing that it takes time for the old owner, he was kind enough to let me cut it myself using one of their cutting machine. By the time I finished cutting the print, it was already 10:25am. 25 minute late for the registration.
I arrived at Black Kettle around 10:55am. However a woman at the registration counter told me that I am already late and the session already started half an hour ago. But despite her fiery glare, she was kind enough to put my name into the list. For the portfolio session, we are able to set an appointment to whichever photographer that I wanted. The list of photographers are;
It was an easy choice on who I want to meet, and since I dont know half of the other photographer (sorry, but I manage to google you guys afterwards) the choice was set to Hajime Kimura and Ian Teh. The only regrets is that I didn’t went for Peter Bialobrzeski as well, it seems his work and opinion might be worth listening to.
My portfolio review session was set around 1pm and 3pm for Ian Teh and Hajime Kimura respectively. It left me with some time to prepare myself and seeing the people around the room shows that I am the only one who seems to be unprepared. They present their work with laptop, business cards, and glossy prints while I am the only one with a lousy cheap inkjet print on cheap paper. So I thought since I already registered, why not grab a lunch and maybe get my laptop as well. At least it makes me look prepared in a way.
The first session is with Ian Teh, the entire room is filled with photographers doing a review session. It does made me nervous in some way but I was hoping for the best. Ian Teh needs no introduction, I have 2 of his books and been a fan of his work on China Industrial landscape.
This is my first time attending a portfolio review and to be honest, I don’t have any idea what to do next after saying ‘Hello’.
During the session with Ian Teh, I gave a brief introduction about myself and the work that I was about to present to him. The work is of course my recent project on my hometown. Overall, the feedback was good. Most of his concern is basically on what I actually want from the series. I wouldn’t share most of his word here but it was positive. I did ask him how he would usually do for his project and he gave me some great insight on his own editing approach on TRACES and Confluence project.
One thing that I realized is that you have to come with a clear idea of your own project (I actually do, just the final edit need time to decide) and also a final edit of your work. Mine was so half-assed that it became hard to comment on especially since its a portfolio review. But the experience was good and I learn much.
My next session is with Hajime Kimura. Again, this guy needs no introduction as well and I had his book reviewed many years ago in this blog. Currently he is a full time photographer and working on some interesting project which he will present tomorrow.
Of all the photographer in the room, Hajime is someone that I can relate to slightly. He is an Architecture graduate and one of his big break in photography happen to be done when he went out in search of himself. Hence, his first photobook.
Hajime is a funny guy and somehow have this bright smile eventhough we just met. Typical Japanese I presume. We exchange greeting and sat through the session. As I was arranging the prints on the table, I manage to tell him my admiration on his work and stating that our work is similar in certain way. He reply with a bow saying thank you and quickly going through my work. Again, I wont be sharing much of our session but enough to say that it was positive.
And yes, I manage to ask him about the camera that he use for the Kodama photobook, It is a Nikon FM2n with black and white film pushed all the way to 3200 ASA.
I intend to take a few picture around Georgetown area but looking at the time, waiting for a few hours before Obscura Festival opening ceremony seems like a better idea. I know a friend that is coming all the way from KL and will be arriving soon so I also think it would wise to stay and catch up with the others.
The opening ceremony is held at Hin Bus Depot along with a number of photographer exhibiting their work. Going through the previous edition of the photo festival, this year exhibit seems to be staying away from the conventional photojournalism and documentary issue. The theme for this year exhibition is ‘Multiplicity’ which is curated by Anshika Varma. There is a long write up on her curation but simply put, this year they explore the hidden human condition that seems to blur the line between reality and fiction. I dig most of the work shown here.
As the night approaches, more people gathers around the gallery area. Some familiar people pop-in and a number of VIP seems to be there as well for the opening ceremony. It was a warm atmosphere and surrounded by the exhibited work, people can simply take their time while waiting for the event to start.
The opening ceremony was a success, everyone was happy and the atmosphere turn casual as everyone decided to catch-up with one another. It was great opportunity for those who wanted to do some networking. For me, I am just trying to enjoy my weekend.
The next morning, I attend the Photobook Presentation by Atsushi Fujiwara, Matt Alett and Hajime Kimura. They have an evening session as well but I got caught up with my office work.
One of the highlight of the session for me is probably the chance to go through Hajime Kimura photobook. Ever since I continue my study, I never got the chance to get his latest book after Kodama. I read about his scrap book photo book concept that earn him some awards and I finally I got the chance to go through it.
Overall, it was satisfying. I didnt manage to follow the whole week of activity but catching up with some people while learning something new is always a good way to keep the drive going. The photo festival is a success as well and here I hope that the next edition would be better. This year exhibited work is a great departure from the usual documentary/photojournalism approach, a rather refreshing change of view.
A bit of introduction on the brand that made the camera on this post. Leica is a camera brand that has redefine photography since the early 20th century and their camera has been a staple among renown photojournalist worldwide. It’s association with the creation of many iconic photographs throughout the history has led their camera to earn a legendary status and has huge followers (fanatics?) all over the world until now. As a brand, in the early year of the shift in technology from film analog to digital sensor. Leica has struggle to catch up with the rest of it’s competitor. Their slow adaptation to this change towards digital saw them being left forgotten for more than a decade before being bought over by a billionaire that saves the company from bankruptcy. This day, the camera has became more of a fashion symbol for the rich where the price tag of a single M-mount camera is equivalent to a year worth of salary.
So what does this has to do with this article?. Everything.
Most of my favorite photographer use a Leica M camera at certain point of their career, many even stand by it until today. Therefore, obviously there was a time where I wish to own a Leica just for the sake of it. But god work in a mysterious way and on August 2017, my prayer (I didn’t pray) was answered. Someone actually gave me a Leica IIF along with Leica Elmar 5cm f/2.8, for free.
I am a regular reader of Japancamerahunter.com and their recent post during that time was on why the 35mm film is in high demand. From this, the comment section turn into a forum as they were arguing whether the film camera industry itself is in jeopardy as the market consist of a cameras that has age more than a few decades, with many has past half century mark. The question of parts availability and the declining number of capable repairman was part of the argument. Within the comments I slid a short question asking about “What camera brand that still service their film camera?” and left it there for a few day before returning to read anyone reply. Of course, many gave their response (Leica is probably the only one) and one of them happen to be the one responsible for giving me his camera.
I received an email on the following day stating that he was interested in giving out his camera for free and to send it directly from Japan. At this point, I was very skeptic. The argument was that there is nothing for me to lose and following their discussion before on Japancamerahunter, he believes that a mechanical camera such as the IIF would outlive it’s owner and there is nothing to worry about as parts is not as scarce as it seems. Film photography is here to stay and mechanical parts is always easier to replace than electronic. Hearing his reasoning, I don’t think it’s polite to decline his wishes especially as there is nothing for me to be worried about. I gladly accept and waited for the package.
Few weeks later, I received an EMS package from Japan along with a name and a note wishing me to enjoy the camera. To be honest, I wasn’t expecting much to . Maybe a bunch of worn out camera with a decent Russian made lens. But upon opening the package, I notice a glimpse of the camera shade and further unpacking reveal a Leica IIF with a collapsible Leica lens that I don’t know off.
I contact the sender afterward to inform him that the package has safely arrived and to confirm his motive in sending me the camera. It was unimaginable for me as the camera could fetch a high price on the market today. His reasoning was pretty simple, the camera is not really appreciated by the collectors in Japan given its condition (it’s pretty clean for me) and he bought it as a part for his beloved Leica IIIG. For him, he felt like a waste seeing a capable camera being wasted inside a drybox so instead he decided to give it away (Fuck capitalism he said) to someone who will actually use it. Seeing their discussion from the post in Japancamerahunter, he believes that mechanical camera will last much longer than it’s owner given that it is being used regularly and serviced when needed. A reminder for myself as the camera was actually made in 1952 based on it’s serial number.
I am not a Leica geek but having the Leica has led me to study a lot about Leica not only as a camera manufacture but it’s impact as a brand to the development of photography itself. At this point, i kept on reminding myself that this isn’t any post on the history of Leica design but you can’t kept it out from the writing seeing how big the brand is itself.
For this, I would like to state my gratitude to Mr.Damien for his generosity to a poor Architecture student from Malaysia as myself. The camera itself might someday be given away to a certain someone but until then, this is mine to use.
I will be update on my first few months experience on the next post.
After 3 years spent on completing my Degree in Architecture, its finally the time to straighten back my life away from extra-curricular activity and pressuring studio assignment. Few years ago, I believe I needed some dedicated time to focus myself on studying Architecture, an exercise of some sort to prove myself that I could become better in this complicated branch of art.
Learning is surely a never ending process, as I do plan to continue my further study in post-graduate. Place to be decided.
So, after my last paper. I decided to join my girlfriend back home while carrying all our stuff there. We had been planning for this trip for quiet some time and finally got time to do so. I had almost a week before my flight back home and she decided to bring me to Ipoh for some food hunting. As I mentioned before, she told me that the food in Ipoh is way better than those in Penang. The only difference is that Penang had a lot more choices, but not necessary a good one.
I had been to Ipoh numerous time in the past but I never actually went there for the food. I always know the food is great but I just didn’t have the transport to actually explore the area. But I am lucky that my girlfriend decided to bring me around. She is after all an alumni of Politeknik Ungku Omar.
After our 1 night trip at Ipoh, it’s time to head back to her hometown at Negeri Sembilan. Its a long ride and her father had to come to Ipoh to accompany her back, but she still drive all the way to Bahau. There is a lot to look forward to in Bahau and it was enjoyable as usual. The next morning, they decided to go for shopping at Tampin area. The shopping outlet is similar to the Design Village in Penang.
On the next day, it was weekend and they decided to bring me for a trip to Malacca. Its actually just an hour drive to Malacca and on the way, we stop by to get breakfast and lunch at Malacca. Oddly enough, many store were close and all the place that visit is either overpriced or full of tourist.
Going through the day, it was fun. After our trip from Malacca, we return back to Bahau later that evening. It only took an hour or so to reach Malacca which is not that far even for my standard. There is only a few days left before my flight back to Labuan and therefore I intend to enjoy my stay at my girlfriend hometown.
On the next afternoon she told me that we should go on hiking at Bukit Taiso (not Daiso). The trail is something that her mum told me few days ago but I have no idea how high or difficult the trail is. But according to my girlfriend, based on her childhood memory, it’s not that difficult. Therefore, for the first time in my life I went into a jungle trail (Palm plantation area to be precise) with a newly bought slippers. It was a funny and exhausting experience (due to my lack of fitness) but at the end it was rewarding. The view from the top is beautiful where the sky is full of orange purple hue while at the same time accompanied by someone that I love.
So the day finally arrive, the day where I need to be away from my girlfriend for the next few months. I finally got a taste of her breakfast, the last time he serve me is okay-okay only but this one is good. The egg was fluffy and the salmon is nicely cooked. Afterward they rush me to the bus station as I will be going to KL to meetup with my sister.
The time away will be spend with my family for sure but in the next few months, my time will be for the future. I will be returning to Peninsular Malaysia soon where I will be working temporarily before continuing my master study.
As everyone was busy preparing for Chinese New year that year, I finally got the opportunity to travel to Thailand for a week, alone. Getting a day off from my work was difficult as the office was busy in the previous year. The only way to take a long leave is by waiting for this kind of public holiday and luckily Malaysia has tons of it.
My first choice was to travel to Hong Kong or Taiwan but luckily Zhuang Wu Bin told me that he will be involved in Chiang Mai very first photo festival as a curator. Chiang Mai is one of the states in Thailand and when he told me that it will be cheap and fun to go there by train, I was basically convinced.
To begin with, I really didn’t do much study on Thailand or Bangkok before going there. The only thing that I prepared was some map that I photocopy from Lonely Planet book and the train ticket that Wu Bin send to me from Chiang Mai.
To be honest, I did study the interesting place to visit in Bangkok but none of it seems to be that interesting. So I decided to skip all the famous tourist spot and instead, take my own time walking around the city at my own convenience. But I really do wanna visit the famous (infamous?) Thailand Go-Go Bar.
When I arrive at my hostel, I was hungry. 7Eleven was everywhere but the sandwich price is ridiculous when I convert it. So I decided to eat the local food which is Sticky Rice with Spicy mango and sliced beef. It was good but extremely spicy.
My train was in the evening around 6pm so I have plenty of time to explore the Chinatown. I notice on the map that there is some temple near the area so there I go.
The experience in waking up inside a moving train in the morning was surprisingly pleasant. It was cold but not noisy, it was shaky but not horribly shaken. Overall, it was just like another day in the morning except that you need to wash your head/face in the small train toilet.
The whole point of the trip was to actually learn and observe new photography material and culture from South East Asia. Seeing first hand on how they organize a photo festival from a real photography and art curator perspective was the ideal timing for as I was at that time involved in a way in organizing a Photo Festival in Sabah. Which is successfully organized by my friend, do check the festival out, kinabaluphotofestival.com)
This was interesting. I believe you do a google search about the writing. The work selected here is curated by Zhuang Wu Bin.
The exhibition was simply mind blowing. The image showcased in the exhibition is very impressive and I was lucky that WuBin was there explaining stuff around regarding those pictures he curated. Afterward I believe we went around and went on to welcome one of Wu Bin acquaintance from Indonesia, Deden Durahman.
My second morning in Chiang Mai was spent cycling around the old city area, which is basically in the middle of Chiang Mai. I also notice that it is very difficult to find public toilet in Chiang Mai, not to mention a thrash can.
And after the last picture, I was drunk as hell and probably embarassing myself by talking something unrelated to their topic. Went to WuBin place to get my bicycle and there I go cycle back to my hotel which is half an hour from his place.
For the first time in my life, I am cycling drunk alone in a foreign city in a cold 24 degree celcius weather. Safe to say that I arrive safely but of course, by taking some wrong turn along the way.
The next morning I decided to went back to Bangkok, I took some breakfast with Wu Bin and say goodbye to my host. It was a great experience overall.
Woking up in the morning made me realize that I missed Chiang Mai cold winter season weather (they call it winter but they also say the summer season is hell). So as I arrived in Bangkok, I decided to walk all the way to my new hostel. It was stupid as I ended up getting lost for 2 hour before actually reaching my hostel. My internet data was lousy and I couldn’t read Thailand.
I was really hoping to visit one of the closest Go-Go bar but after walking non-stop since morning, I was basically exhausted. I slept early around 9pm and ended up waking up in the morning, just in time for check out and took a taxi to the airport.
After my Thailand trip, I was planning to save up some money for a trip to Japan. But opportunity shows up and I went to continue my study in Penang. What I learn from the trip was humility in general. Thailand people are surprisingly friendly and somehow resilience in nature. We could learn a lot from them, just check out their creative talent, they are amazing.
Its been a few years since I continued my studies in Penang. While the Island has changed in many way since my last visit many years before. The underlying culture that makes Penang interesting remained the same.
As the title suggest, this series is mainly just an observation on the place that I have visited around Penang island and in no other way were it meant as a reference towards the Island as a whole. In the recent year, the Island has been promoted intensively as a street food heaven by the local government and with their successful bid in making their city area a UNESCO Heritage site, the Island has been striving with tourism investment.
Going around the town shows tons of murals made by local and foreign artist and this itself was created under the government initiatives of promoting Penang as an Art and Cultural hub in the country. Obviously, this bring tons of cultural events that has attract the attention of the international community.
But, despite all this, the island still retain its cultural value pretty well despite the rapid urbanization that is ongoing throughout the island. Exploring the small detail of the island will still surprised some seasoned traveler I believe.
Although Penang is majority occupied by the Bumiputera, the Island town area is predominantly Chinese and Indian Muslim. This can be seen on the daily activities and the annual celebration held throughout the year. The street would be filled with offerings and road are sometimes closed for this special occasion. Still its a sight to experience yourself.